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Japan Energy Conservation
Handbook 2011

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CONTENTS

1. ENERGY SITUATION ...................................................................................................... 1

  • 1.1 World Energy Situation .............................................................................................. 1
  • 1.2 Japan’s Energy Situation ............................................................................................ 1

2. ENERGY CONSERVATION POLICIES AND LAWS IN JAPAN ........................................ 4

  • 2.1 Outline of Energy Conservation Policies ..................................................................... 4
    • (1) Brief history of energy conservation policies in Japan
    • (2) Promotion of energy conservation measures
  • 2.2 Basic Energy Plan ....................................................................................................... 5
    • (1) Industrial sector
    • (2) Residential sector
    • (3) Business sector
    • (4) Transportation sector
    • (5) Cross-cutting measures
  • 2.3 National Strategies and Plans ..................................................................................... 6
    • (1) New National Energy Strategy
    • (2) Energy Conservation Frontrunner Plan
    • (3) Energy Conservation Technology Strategy
  • 2.4 Law Concerning the Rational Use of Energy ............................................................... 8
    • (1) Objective
    • (2) Energy defined by the law
    • (3) Basic policies and obligations of energy users
    • (4) Measures for factories etc.
    • (5) Measures for buildings
    • (6) Measures for equipment
    • (7) Measures for transportation
    • (8) Amendment of the law concerning the rational use of energy
  • 2.5 Financial Supporting Measures .................................................................................. 21
    • (1) Loan program with special interest rate (FY2010)
    • (2) Tax incentives program (FY2011)
  • 2.6 Awarding Programs toward Energy Conservation Efforts ........................................... 24
    • (1) Awarding of Excellent Energy Conservation activities (Energy Conservation Grand Prize)
    • (2) Awarding for suppliers of Excellent Energy Conservation Equipment
  • 2.7 Publicity Activities .................................................................................................... 25
  • 2.8 Energy Audit Program by ECCJ ................................................................................ 25
    • (1) Energy audit for factories
    • (2) Energy audit for commercial buildings

3. GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL TRENDS ........................................................................... 26

  • 3.1 Climate Change and Energy Consumption ............................................................... 26
    • (1) Transition of deviation of global average near-surface temperature
           (only at the ground level)
    • (2) Global energy balance (Index incident solar rays = 100)
    • (3) Transition of atmospheric CO2 concentration and CO2 emission from fossil fuel
    • (4) CO2 emissions by country (2008)
    • (5) Per-capita CO2 emissions (2008)
  • 3.2 International Efforts to Counter Global Warming ..................................................... 29
    • (1) IPCC: accumulation of scientific knowledge
    • (2) UNFCCC: study of international countermeasures
    • (3) IPCC report on global warming
    • (4) Influences of greenhouse-gases on global warming (1850-1990)
    • (5) History of COPs of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
    • (6) Background and main points of COP 17 & COP/CMP 7
  • 3.3 Kyoto Protocol Coming into Effect ............................................................................. 32
  • 3.4 G8 Summit ................................................................................................................ 34
    • (1) Outline of Gleneagles Summit
    • (2) Outline of Hokkaido Toyako Summit
    • (3) Outline of Muskoka Summit
  • 3.5 Energy Conservation Activities of the Foreign Countries .......................................... 36
  • 3.6 Japan’s Policies to Deal with Global Warming ........................................................... 38
    • (1) Guideline for measures to prevent global warming
    • (2) Kyoto protocol target achievement plan
    • (3) Reinforcement of energy conservation measures in each sector

4. ENERGY CONSERVATION MEASURES BY SECTOR .................................................. 41

  • 4.1 Industrial Sector ....................................................................................................... 41
    • (1) Energy situation for the industrial sector
    • (2) Energy conservation policies and measures for the industrial sector
    • (3) Outline of the Keidanren Voluntary Action Plan on the Environment
           (Target and Measures of Major Organizations)
    • (4) Overall factory inspection based on the energy conservation law
    • (5) Dissemination and promotion of energy conservation technology
    • (6) Energy conservation by coordination among factories and workplaces
    • (7) Dissemination of high-efficiency industrial furnaces and high-efficiency boilers
    • (8) Dissemination of cogeneration and fuel cells
    • (9) Important check points concerning technical energy conservation measures
    • (10) Challenges in typical energy conservation technology development
  • 4.2 Equipment ................................................................................................................... 56
    • (1) Energy situation for equipment
    • (2) Energy conservation policies and measures for equipment - Top Runner Program
    • (3) Dissemination and outreach measures for equipment
  • 4.3 Commercial/Residential Sector ................................................................................... 65
    • (1) Energy situation for the commercial /residential sector
    • (2) Energy conservation policies and measures for the residential sector
    • (3) Energy conservation policies and measures for the commercial sector
    • (4) Promotion of commercial building energy management system (BEMS)
           (thorough energy management utilizing IT)
    • (5) Promotion of ESCO business
  • 4.4 Transportation Sector ................................................................................................ 74
    • (1) Energy situation for the transportation sector
    • (2) Energy conservation policies and measures for the transportation sector

APPENDIX

1. ENERGY DATA ............................................................................................................... 77

  • 1.1 World Energy Data .....................................................................................................77
    • (1) Energy resource reserves
    • (2) Primary energy consumption by energy resource
    • (3) Primary energy consumption by region
    • (4) Trend of primary energy consumption
    • (5) Energy supply in major countries
    • (6) Energy consumption in major countries
  • 1.2 Domestic Energy Data ............................................................................................... 84
    • (1) Demand of energy sources and GDP
    • (2) Outlook of energy consumption and supply
  • 1.3 Domestic Sectoral Energy Data .................................................................................. 87
    • (1)Industrial sector
    • (2)Residential sector
    • (3)Commercial sector
    • (4)Transportation sector

2. STANDARDS OF JUDGMENT ....................................................................................... 98


  • 2.1 Standards of Judgment for Factories etc. on Rational Use of Energy.......................... 98
    • (1) Table : Standards and Target Values for Operating Equipment in Factories etc.
    2.2 Standards of Judgment for Buildings on Rational Use of Energy................................ 123
    • (1) Prevention of heat loss through external walls, windows, etc. of the buildings
    • (2) Efficient use of energy by air conditioning equipment
    • (3) Efficient use of energy by mechanical ventilation equipment other than air conditioning equipment
    • (4) Efficient use of energy by lighting fixtures
    • (5) Efficient use of energy by hot water supply equipment
    • (6) Efficient use of energy by vertical transportation

3. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.....................................................132

  • 3.1 Outline of Asia Energy Conservation Program.......................................................... 132
    • (1) Significance of energy conservation cooperation
    • (2) Future direction of energy conservation cooperation
    • (3) Cooperation to individual country in energy conservation field
    3.2 East Asia Summit (EAS)........................................................................................... 135
    • (1) Overview
    • (2) Past achievement (energy, environment etc. related issues only)
    3.3 International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC)...................... 137
    • (1) Purpose and overview
    • (2) Activities
    • (3) Energy Management Action Network (EMAK)

REFERENCE

1. RELATED ORGANIZATIONS ...................................................................................... 139


  • 1.1 Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI).................................................... 139
  • 1.2 The Energy Conservation Center, Japan (ECCJ)..................................................... 141
  • 1.3 The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
        (NEDO)................................................................................................................. 142
  • 1.4 Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)..................................................... 143
  • 1.5 The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ).................................................... 144

2. ENERGY CALORIES (JAPAN) .................................................................................... 145



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