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Japan Energy Conservation
Handbook 2013

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CONTENTS

1. ENERGY SITUATION ...................................................................................................... 1

  • 1.1 World Energy Situation .............................................................................................. 1
  • 1.2 Japanís Energy Situation ............................................................................................ 2

2. ENERGY CONSERVATION POLICIES AND LAWS IN JAPAN ........................................ 3

  • 2.1 Outline of Energy Conservation Policies ..................................................................... 3
    • (1) Brief history of energy conservation policies in Japan
    • (2) Promotion of energy conservation measures
  • 2.2 Strategic Energy Plan of Japan ................................................................................... 4
    • (1) Issues related to the energy supply-demand structure in Japan
    • (2) Basic policy regarding measures concerning energy supply and demand
    • (3) Long-term measures regarding energy supply and demand to be implemented in a comprehensive and systematic manner
    • (4) Promoting strategic R&D
    • (5) Communication with all levels of society on energy issues
  • 2.3 Law Concerning the Rational Use of Energy .............................................................. 14
    • (1) Objective
    • (2) Energy defined by the law
    • (3) Basic policies and obligations of energy users
    • (4) Measures for factories etc
    • (5) Measures for buildings
    • (6) Measures for equipment
    • (7) Measures for transportation
    • (8) Amendment of the law concerning the rational use of energy
  • 2.4 Supporting Measures ................................................................................................ 28
    • 1. Financial Supporting Measures
    • 2. Green Investment Tax Reduction
    • 3. Main Subsidy Systems
    • 4. Main Industry Organizations
  • 2.5 Awarding Programs toward Energy Conservation Efforts ........................................... 36
  • 2.6 Publicity Activities ..................................................................................................... 37
  • 2.7 Energy Audit Program by ECCJ ................................................................................. 37
    • (1) Energy audit for factories
    • (2) Energy audit for commercial buildings

3. GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL TRENDS .......................................................................... 39

  • 3.1 Climate Change and Energy Consumption ................................................................ 39
    • (1) Transition of deviation of global average near-surface temperature(only at the ground level)
    • (2) Global energy balance (Index incident solar rays = 100)
    • (3) Transition of atmospheric CO2 concentration and CO2 emission from fossil fuel
    • (4) CO2 emissions by country (2011)
    • (5) Per-capita CO2 emissions (2011)
  • 3.2 International Efforts to Counter Global Warming ..................................................... 42
    • (1) IPCC: accumulation of scientific knowledge
    • (2) UNFCCC: study of international countermeasures
    • (3) IPCC report on global warming
    • (4) Influences of greenhouse-gases on global warming (1850-1990)
    • (5) History of COPs of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
    • (6) Background and main points of COP & COP/CMP
  • 3.3 Kyoto Protocol Coming into Effect ............................................................................ 45
  • 3.4 G8 Summit ............................................................................................................... 46
  • 3.5 Energy Conservation Activities of the Foreign Countries .......................................... 49

4. ENERGY CONSERVATION MEASURES BY SECTOR ................................................. 51

  • 4.1 Industrial Sector ....................................................................................................... 51
    • (1) Energy situation for the industrial sector
    • (2) Energy conservation policies and measures for the industrial sector
    • (3) Outline of the Keidanren Voluntary Action Plan on the Environment (Target and Measures of Major Organizations)
    • (4) Overall factory inspection based on the energy conservation law
    • (5) Dissemination and promotion of energy conservation technology
    • (6) Energy conservation by coordination among factories and workplaces
    • (7) Dissemination of high-efficiency industrial furnaces and high-efficiency boilers
    • (8) Dissemination of cogeneration
    • (9) Important check points concerning technical energy conservation measures
    • (10) Challenges in typical energy conservation technology development
  • 4.2 Equipment ................................................................................................................. 65
    • (1) Energy situation for equipment
    • (2) Energy conservation policies and measures for equipment - Top Runner Program
    • (3) Dissemination and outreach measures for equipment
  • 4.3 Commercial/Residential Sector .................................................................................. 73
    • (1) Energy situation for the commercial/residential sector
    • (2) Energy conservation policies and measures for the residential sector
    • (3) Energy conservation policies and measures for the commercial sector
    • (4)Promotion of commercial building energy management system (BEMS)
    • (5) Promotion of ESCO business
  • 4.4 Transportation Sector ................................................................................................ 83
    • (1) Energy situation for the transportation sector
    • (2) Energy conservation policies and measures for the transportation sector

APPENDIX

1. STANDARDS OF JUDGMENT ...................................................................................... 88

  • 1.1 Standards of Judgment for Factories etc. on Rational Use of Energy ......................... 88
    • (1) Air ratios for boilers
    • (2) Waste gas temperatures for boilers
    • (3) Air ratios for industrial furnaces
    • (4) Standard and target rates of waste heat recovery for industrial furnaces (including waste gas temperatures for reference)
    • (5) Standard values and target values of furnace wall outer surface temperatures (for industrial furnaces with furnace temperatures of 500? and higher)
    • (6) Standard value and target value of power factor
    • (7) Target efficiencies of high efficiency motors
    • (8) Benchmark index and medium- and long-term target level
  • 1.2 Standards of Judgment for Buildings on Rational Use of Energy ............................... 139
    • (1) Prevention of heat loss through external walls, windows, etc. of the buildings
    • (2) Efficient use of energy by air conditioning equipment
    • (3) Efficient use of energy by mechanical ventilation equipment other than air conditioning equipment
    • (4) Efficient use of energy by lighting fixtures
    • (5) Efficient use of energy by hot water supply equipment
    • (6) Efficient use of energy by vertical transportation

2. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION ............................................................................... 146

  • 2.1 Outline of Asia Energy Conservation Program ......................................................... 146
    • (1) Significance of energy conservation cooperation
    • (2) Future direction of energy conservation cooperation
    • (3) Cooperation to individual country in energy conservation field
  • 2.2 East Asia Summit (EAS) ........................................................................................... 148
    • (1) Overview
    • (2) Past achievement (energy, environment etc. related issues only)
  • 2.3 International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) ....................... 150
    • (1) Purpose and overview
    • (2) Activities
    • (3) Energy Management Action Network (EMAK)

3. RELATED ORGANIZATIONS ....................................................................................... 152

  • 3.1 Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) .................................................... 152
  • 3.2 The Energy Conservation Center, Japan (ECCJ) ..................................................... 154
  • 3.3 The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) ...... 155
  • 3.4 Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) ..................................................... 155
  • 3.5 The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ) .................................................... 157

4. ENERGY CALORIES (JAPAN) .................................................................................... 158



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