Final energy consumption in FY2020 decreased by 6.7%

Final energy consumption in FY2020 decreased by 6.7%

On 15th April, the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE) of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) announced the energy supply and demand outcomes in FY2020(confirmed data). The final energy consumption decreased by 6.7% to 12,082PJ from previous year. In terms of energy sources, electricity decreased by 1.5%, city gas by 8.8%, oil by 7.1% and coal by 14.7%. On the supply side, domestic primary energy supply decreased by 6.1%. Generated power decreased by 2.0% to 1.0008 trillion kWh, the ratio of non-fossil power supply decreased by 0.7% to 23.7%.

In the trends of  demand side, energy consumption rose in the residential sector due to the increased home staying time caused by the spread of COVID-19. In terms of electricity consumption, while households increased by 5.0%, companies, offices and others decreased by 4.0%.

In the trends of the supply side, fossil fuel decreased for the seven consecutive years. While renewable energy including hydropower increased for the eight consecutive years, nuclear power decreased for the two consecutive years. The share of fossil fuels is 84.8% which is lowest since the Great East Japan Earthquake. The energy self-sufficiency ratio (IEA basis) decreased by 0.8 points to 11.2%.

The carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions originated from energy decreased by 5.9% (decreased by 21.7% from FY2013) to 970 million ton, which is less than one billion ton, and it is the seven consecutive year of decline.

Although CO2 emissions increased for the four consecutive years until FY2013 due to the suspension of nuclear power generation, etc. after the Great East Japan Earthquake, it has been on a downtrend due to the subsequent declining demands and the restart of nuclear power plants.